Arthur Woods

Resident Artist

Arthur Woods - Resident Artist on the Greater.Earth space station

FACTSHEET:

Jahr : 2016
Material : Video, Performance

Arthur Woods

Art and Gravity
My interest in space and physics had a major influence on my art, especially on my approach to painting. I learned that gravity on Earth has to do with the force that the acceleration of Earth imparts to objects on or near its surface. Gravity, as a terrestrial environmental factor, may hardly be considered as essential to the creation of art, yet it has profoundly influenced and determined both the conception and the perception of art since its beginnings.
Basically gravity gives us an “up and down” orientation to the environment in which we live. Therefore, paintings, particularly those with a rectangular shape usually have a “natural” top and bottom orientation because this reflects how the viewer and the artist perceive the world we live in.
I began to explore how gravity influenced my painting with a series of works that had a six-sided geometric shape.

The Voyager Series PaintingsVoyager Series
Acrylic on Canvas, 120 x 150 cm


These two-dimensional works could then be mounted on a wall in any position as there was no natural “top or bottom” orientation. The shading of some the triangular areas created by the intersections of the lines, added a perceptual component to the works which created a three-dimensional effect. How the work was positioned imparted a specific uniqueness to its perception as seen in the images of the same painting below.

Sculpture and Gravity
Because they are created in a terrestrial environment, all sculptures have a "resting point" - a point of contact in which their mass interacts with the gravity of the Earth. Sometimes sculptures are fixed to a base so that their appearance seems natural in our gravity dominated environment. Others stand, rest or are fixed to some supporting structure. Even "balloon" or air-filled sculptures that may float in the air are positioned by the force of gravity.
Consciously or unconsciously, artists conceive and carry out their sculptural creations with gravity determining the eventual resting point of the work, and, by so doing, they pre-determine how the sculpture will eventually be perceived and appreciated by the public. Thus the influence of gravity has much to do with our perception and appreciation of sculpture - as our response to its aesthetic "rightness" is based on our own experiences within the terrestrial environment.
I applied these ideas and my painting technique to a series of three-dimensional geometrically shaped objects I call Cosmic Dancers.
The geometric form of these sculptures enabled them to be positioned in different ways. This aspect allowed the sculptures to be viewed from different perspectives and, in relation to their surroundings, the same sculpture could appear as a unique three dimensional form as a result of its varied positions. Depending on the geometric complexity, usually between four and eight resting positions could be found for each sculpture and its interaction with gravity i.e. - its resting point - being the ultimate determining factor.

Reclining Figure

Reclining Dancer
Acrylic on Wood, 25 x 28 x 57 cm


When imagining human civilization extended into outer space, it seems obvious that the art of this civilization will take advantage of its new environment. Much like the influence of gravity has had on the evolution of terrestrial art , the qualities specific to the space environment will have a fundamental effect on both the conception and perception of the artworks designed and realized there. In the zero-gravity (zero-G) or micro-gravity environments of outer space, the influence of gravity disappears and artworks become weightless. As a consequence, the conception, perception and appreciation of an artwork will be altered. For example, a sculpture floating in a zero-G environment can be viewed from an infinite number of perspectives or angles – something that is not normally possible in a typical art setting on Earth.

Cosmonaut Alexander Polischuk and the Cosmic Dancer
Cosmonaut Alexander Polischuk and the Cosmic Dancer on the Mir space station, 1993


On May 22, 1993, I sent the Cosmic Dancer sculpture to the Russian Mir space station to investigate the properties of sculpture in weightlessness and to evaluate the integration of art into the human space program. The Cosmic Dancer - a painted geometric form made out of welded aluminum tubing measuring approximately 35 x 35 x 40 centimeters and weighing exactly one kilogram - was the first three-dimensional artwork to be specifically conceived for and officially realized in a space habitat.



cosmicdancer.com

Inflatable Technologies for Sculpture in Earth Orbit

 

Art to the Stars - an Astronautical Perspective on the Arts and Space

auch interessant:

Cosmic Dancer on Mir Space Station
Cosmic Dancer on the Mir space station with cosmonaut Alexander Polischuk
Arthur Woods, Metall, Installation
Cosmic Dancer on the Mir space station
Cosmic Dancer on the Mir space station with cosmonaut Gennadi Manakov
Arthur Woods, Metall
Cosmic Dancer in Spacesuit Compartment
Cosmic Dancer on the Mir space station in the spacesuit compartment.
Arthur Woods, Metall
EarthSeeds Installation Venice 2017
EarthSeeds installation in Palazzo Bembo during 2017 Venice Art Biennale
Arthur Woods, Kunststoff, Sonstige
OUR-Space Peace Sculpture
OUR-Space Peace Sculpture - an inflatable sculpture for orbit to celebrate International Space Year 1992. Constructed in Russia by NPO Energia in 1990.
Arthur Woods, Kunststoff, Mixed Media
Proposed Space Peace Star
Proposed Space Peace Star - an orbital sculpture utilizing an inflatable rigidiizable membrane
Arthur Woods, Kunststoff, Installation
Proposed Space Option Star
The Space Option Star (S⊕S) is a Space Solar Power (SSP) demonstrator and an orbital artwork which represents a logical early step in an energy from space development program. The S⊕S mission has a dual purpose: first, its technical mission represents an in-situ demonstration of energy from space technologies. Electricity generated by the S⊕S’s solar arrays will flow to co-located microwave transmitters to beam power toward a companion spacecraft, which will then use this power to transmit video and other interactive communications from orbit to public locations around the world such as art and/or science museums and schools. Secondly, its communication mission is to raise public awareness about the potential of the Space Energy Option to address the Energy Dilemma and the Climate Emergency facing the world population. In addition to S⊕S being an acronym for the Space Option Star, the acronym is being used to send the message “save our spaceship” with the goal to impact the policy discourse related to energy use on Earth. As such, the S⊕S could become a symbolic "Star of Hope" signifying how clean energy from space is a possible solution to many of the problems facing humanity. In a recent (2020) European Space Agency (ESA) call for new space missions and concepts, the Space Option Star was one of several ideas selected from the 201 submissions and included in a ‘Space Resources and Infrastructure’ group for further development as a potential future ESA mission. The proposed S⊕S is an icosahedron covered with solar panels with a diameter of approximately 100 meters. If realized, the S⊕S would be the largest physical object ever sent into space and visible to a large part of the world's population.
Arthur Woods, Kunststoff, Installation
Cosmic Dancer 2.0
Cosmic Dancer 2.0 - 25th anniversary of Cosmic Dancer. 3-D printed sculpture for a space station near Earth.
Arthur Woods, Kunststoff, Installation
A Star is Born
The Space Option Star (S⊕S) is a Space Solar Power (SSP) demonstrator and an orbital artwork which represents a logical early step in any Astrostrom development program. The S⊕S mission has a dual purpose: first, its technical mission represents an in-situ demonstration of energy from space technologies. Electricity generated by the S⊕S’s solar arrays will flow to co-located microwave transmitters to beam power toward a companion spacecraft, which will then use this power to transmit video and other interactive communications from orbit to public locations around the world such as art and/or science museums and schools. Secondly, its communication mission is to raise public awareness about the potential of the Space Energy Option to address the Energy Dilemma and the Climate Emergency facing the world population. In addition to S⊕S being an acronym for the Space Option Star, the acronym is being used to send the message “save our spaceship” with the goal to impact the policy discourse related to energy use on Earth. As such, the S⊕S could become a symbolic "Star of Hope" signifying how clean energy from space is a possible solution to many of the problems facing humanity. As it is an artwork, the Space Option Star will have a more flexible envelope for development than a pure engineering project and will also directly involve the public in a variety of ways. In a recent (2020) European Space Agency (ESA) call for new space missions and concepts, the Space Option Star was one of several ideas selected from the 201 submissions and included in a ‘Space Resources and Infrastructure’ group for further development as a potential future ESA mission. The proposed S⊕S is an icosahedron covered with solar panels with a diameter of approximately 100 meters. If realized, the S⊕S would be the largest physical object ever sent into space and visible to a large part of the world's population.
Arthur Woods, Kunststoff, Performance
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